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tv   DW News  PBS  September 21, 2016 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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>> this is "dw news live from berlin. "russia says it had nothing to do with an attack on an aid convoy in syria. it came hours after a cease-fire deal collapsed. the u.n. has held emergency talks on syria. can the truce be salvaged? we will go to washington, moscow, and right here in berlin in search of answers. clashes after a black man is shot and killed by police in charlotte, north carolina. it is the latest in a long list of incidents involving african-american men killed a
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police officers. the u.s. federal reserve leaves interest rates on hold for now. we will be talking with our new york financial correspondent about why no move is a good move. brent: i am brent goff. it is good to have you with us. the blame game over syria is escalating. russia is denied accusations it was behind a deadly airstrike on a convoy delivering aid to syria. in fact, moscow's as a u.s. predator drone was flying over the area when the trucks were hit. this comes as the un security council is holding a crisis meeting on syria's civil war. u.s. secretary of state john kerry has called for grounding all planes in key areas, no-fly zones, in a bid to save what is
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left of the truth. reporter: russia claims this video is proof. the attack on the aid convoy in syria came from the ground, not from the air, and moscow says the drone footage shows and under rubble vehicle moving alongside -- an armed rebel vehicle moving alongside the convoy near aleppo. with investigations ongoing, russia and the u.s. clashed over the issue at the united nations security council. "many said that it could have been a rocket or artillery shelling. that is what the initial reports were. then helicopters and warplanes were mentioned. so i think we need to refrain from emotional reactions and making public comments immediately. we need to investigate first and be very professional." u.s. secretary of state john kerry responded with fury to lavrov's called for calm. he lambasted russia's support
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for the government of bashar al-assad. secretary kerry: how can people go sit at a table with a regime that bombs hospitals and dropped chlorine gas again and again and again and again and again? an acts-- and acts with impunity? you are supposed to sit there and have happy talk in geneva under those circumstances when you have signed up to a cease-fire and you don't adhere to it? what kind of credibility do you have with any of your people? it is not a precondition. it is something we all agreed on in the united nations and in the international serious support group. reporter: the international syria support group is due to meet on friday to revive the truce brokered by the u.s. and russia. the syrian military had declared it was over hours before the attack on the convoy, and act
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which the u.n. said could amount to a war crime. brent: to help us make sense of what is going on right now we want to bring in our correspondent. richard walker joins us from washington. emma rose is in moscow. they have been following the proceedings at the security cuncil. and here in the studio with me from the german council on foreign relations, dgap. emma, i want to start with you and ask you, have we had any reaction at all from moscow now on this call from the u.s., from john kerry, for no-fly zones to be instituted across parts of syria? emma: we haven't had any response from moscow on that at the moment and i think it is going to be very difficult to get moscow to put pressure on their ally, syrian president bashar al-assad, because ultimately what the russians and syrians are saying is that the airstrikes they are carrying out our targeted against terrorists
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and without them, parts of syria could fall into the hands of groups like islamic state and the nusra front, which has placed itself off from al qaeda -- sliced itself off al qaeda. also particularly given that it was the syrians who broke this truce a couple of days ago, this cease-fire, it seems difficult and unlikely that moscow might be able to put more pressure on them, precisely because the syrian army is also targeting rebels, and syrian president bashar al-assad will not want swaths of syria to fall into the hands of the opposition because that would put him in a significantly weaker position. if he stops flying and everyone stops flying, particularly the russians, it would significantly weaken him. brent: what about washington's take on this? if you listen to what emma is saying, washington has been asking too much of russia in
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terms of controlling the assad regime, and obviously john kerry knows that russia is the only power that could keep syrian warplanes on the ground. richard: yeah, that's right. john kerry is aware of that. john kerry -- i think part of his exasperation we heard in the clip earlier stems from the fact that he knows that this is really the only way ahead, this diplomatic route he has been trying to pursue with the russians, and yet just over and over again it comes to this similar sort of brink of failure that ends up with these recriminations coming on both sides. yeah, we have seen acrimonious exchanges between the u.s. and russia many times over syria in the un security council so in a way this was nothing different. but there is one very striking
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thing that john kerry said about the situation, is that russia seems to hav an habit a parallel universe when looking at the events of this attack on the convoy. maybe that in a nutshell is the whole problem between the u.s. and russia as they approached the syria conflict, that they do and have it parallel universe -- do inhabit parallel universes. brent: the pentagon has rejected claims that a drone was in the area of this convoy. let me ask you, how do we make sense of this? i am intrigued by this demand for a no-fly zone to be put into place, because russia is right now the only power that can make that happen. why would it make it happen, though? what is in its interest to do that? >> parallel universe come of this is a nice way of saying that the russians and americans want completely different
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things. there is a small overlap were both can agree on some sort of joint undertaking like this cease-fire, possibly attacking i.s. but russia wants to have assad in place, once you have a strong role with the shiites in the region, once the strategic position it has. and wants to play i do i with america. this is why they are so active in the middle east. the americans want the diplomacy to work and to run smoothly without having ground troops in syria because obama is swallowing a lot of criticism for what he is doing with the russians. the russians are now -- they might have in mind that recently assad has won gradually more ground in syria. so a protraction of this phase, assad can strengthen his position, is in russia's interest.
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brent: putin's interest, to get deeper and deeper and deeper into this -- isn't there a point where putin will say we cannot continue to protect assad? >> i think if syria is broken apart, or a federal structure in the future, it might be clear that there is only a very small portion of syria where assad is in place. this is the stronghold of russia in the future. if they argue about a no-fly zone, an area that can plan, where the russians have a very strong interest with slight breaches here and you because they want to go with assad against moderate rebels. brent: emma, let me ask you. what is your take on putin's threshold for pain in this conflict?
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it appears that the russians are not able to control the syrian military completely. or maybe the cease-fire would still be in effect. emma: i think that is true, but i think also we have seen earlier this year, case in point, the russian appetite for limitless involvement in the conflict in syria is just not there. it was in february, i think, that the russians announced very suddenly that they were stopping their airstrikes and were drawing down resources and equipment and within days, weaponry was flown back to russia. they have reserved the right since then to carry out airstrikes and what they say are terrorist groups like these on the state -- like the islamic state. let it be prudent by domestic concerns, and russia -- vladimir putin is also motivated by domestic concerns and russia is going through a tough time economically. the government is spending billions and billions of dollars
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of its reserve fund to prop up the currency. ultimately they cannot get drawn into a long and costly war in syria. fundamentally at the end of the day it is in their interest to get a peace plan thrashed out. the question is whether or not they can actually do that. brent: the domestic agenda, important for putin, but it is also important for john kerry, isn't it, richard? the obama era is quickly coming to an end. this could be the last possibility for john kerry to bring any semblance of peace to syria, good and it? -- couldn't it? richard: yeah, that's right, and hence his sense of urgency. some diplomats were in new york the last couple of days. senior diplomat i was talking to from europe say they don't want the sense to create in that this all has to be put on hold until after the presidential election. think about it -- whoever becomes president, it is going to take them time to settle into
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office. the election is in november. they will come into office in late january. it takes time for an administration to find its footing. it wouldn't be march before you have a clear position from the new administration. think of the number of people who would likely be killed in syria between now and march if no progress is being made at all until then. brent: let me ask you, briefly, is that what is going to happen here? are we going to see the carnage continue at least until next march? is that the reality on the ground? >> i think if it is not possible now with the general assembly, with the contact group, to reinstall the truce and keep it up and have stable conditions on the ground for the convoys of the u.n., then we will have a relapse into civil war. brent: ok, thank you very much for being on the show. and to my colleagues, richard walker in washington, emma rose
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in wass cap -- emma burrows in moscow. u.s. president barack obama has met with israel's prime minister on the sidelines of the general assembly. it is likely to be the last meeting before obama leaves office. obama says he wants to keep alive the possibility of peace for israe and the palestinian homeland. he said he had concerns about israel's settlements in the west bank and he said he hopes that the $38 million of military aid of military aid in the u.s. and has agreed to give israel will mean it can defend itself at a time of great uncertainty. egypt says at least 42 migrants have drowned after their boat capsized in the mediterranean. emergency workers rescued about 150 others. hundreds more are missing. the vessel overturned close to the port city of rosetta. it is believed that 600 egyptian, sudanese, eritrean, and some only migrants were on board.
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the u.n. border agency says more and more migrants are turning to egypt as a charger point it's balkan countries in europe have closed their borders. let's bring you up-to-date with some of the other stories that are making headlines around the world. police say at least 32 people have been killed in the democratic republic of congo in two days of clashes between security forces and protesters calling for president's resignation. his mandate ends in december, but officials have delayed scheduling elections. his opponents say he is trying to stay in power. u.s. president barack obama and the nigerian president buhari have met in new york to discuss the fight against the boko haram extremists. obama setting group regional coordination boosted success. buhari credited u.s. training from helping -- for helping nigerian troops extol the group from the nigerian northeast.
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when we come back, more news, and the business headlines. stick around.
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brent: welcome back. you are with "dw news" live from berlin. in the united states, protests have broken out after the death of yet another black man at the hands of a police officer, this time in charlotte, north carolina. the police chief said officers gave the 43-year-old man multiple warnings to drop a handgun before a black officer fatally shot keith lamont scott. the man's family has given a completely different version of events. reporter: police and protesters confront each other on interstate highway after the shooting, briefly shutting it down.
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now the two sides are engaged in a battle of words. speaking near the scene of the incident, keith scott's sister insists he was unarmed. >> they jumped out the truck, they say "hands up! he had a gun!" pow pow pow! he had no gun! people are calling my phone saying "your brother had a gun." he had a gun. reporter: officers thought he was a threat. >> mr. scott, as i said, exited his vehicle armed with a handgun, as the offices continued to yell at him to drop it. he stepped out, posing a threat to the officers. an officer brentley vents and subsequent fired his weapon, striking the subject. reporter: the officer who killed the 43-year-old wasn't wearing a body camera. members of scott's family say he
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was holding a book when he was with no evidence it away, tensions are high. charlotte's mayor has promised a full investigation. the incident comes a day after officials in the city of tulsa, oklahoma released a video of a police officer killing and on non-black man. it shows him with his hands in the air. he stopped because his car for down. just moments later, he lies dead or dying in the road. >> shots fired. reporter: the family of terence crutcher say they are considering filing a lawsuit against the police, accusing them of using excessive force. a justice department investigation is underway. brent: time for business news. who is holding steady? the fed is. >> fed chair janet yellen is known for not liking some rice
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moves and she stayed true to herself and so, following a two-day meeting, the federal reserve decided to hold interest rates in the u.s. where they are at the historic low of a quarter and a half percent expected by financial markets. the u.s. economy is experiencing an upswing, the job market is robust. the economy seems it could take a tightening of monetary policy. the crisis has lost its bite, meaning that markets are speculating over the timing of the fresh rate rise. straight over to new york and our financial correspondent in new york, jens korte. 20 central bankers say about the state the u.s. economy -- what do central bankers say about the state the u.s. economy is in? jen: overall, if you look at the labor market, it looks pretty solid. said chairwoman janet yellen
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mentioned at the labor market is not gaining in the same speed as we saw last year, but still, it looks good enough to justify rate increase. productivity is a little bit of a downer, and also, corporations are not really investing heavily in the economy. but overall, the federal reserve is really upbeat that the case has strengthened for a rate hike within the next couple of months. christoph: but policymakers of the fed are strongly signaling that there will be a rate hike before the year is out. what does wall street make of that? jen: well, i mean, wall street reacted quite strongly. the market popped up. we saw the dollar weakening. i guess the federal reserve would increase interest rates in december.
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that is what most people expected. but what the federal reserve also said on wednesday was the economic outlook for this year has slowed a bit, and that rate hikes in the next two years probably will be smaller than expected. but then again, if you look at the federal reserve, they have been wrong so often in the past couple of years, and we will get a lot of more economic data in the next couple of months before the fed is meeting in december. i really wouldn't place too much money right now that we will definitely see a rate increase before the year ends. christoph: jens korte in new york, thank you. the thawing political relations between the u.s. and iran are having commercial effects. on wednesday, the u.s. treasury issued a license to aircraft manufacturer boeing to complete a sale of planes to iran air. earlier, u.s. authorities have already allowed boeing's
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european rival airbus to proceed with a deal that would supply 17 passenger jets to iran. many other the parts are made in the u.s. that is why the authorities there have final say. reporter: the usa may have approved the airbus deal, but old rivalries die hard. at this parade of military might on wednesday, there was no sign of the economic optimism of recent months. iran air is hoping to buy over 100 planes from the european aerospace firm. it is a valuable contract or both sides -- for both sides, bringing in 20 billion euros for airbus and allowing iran air to prevent its fleet -- revamp its fleet and ramp up its offering to international destinations. it is a welcome change. much of the business touted after the nuclear agreement has yet to materialize. despite the initial enthusiasm, tentative deals section to fall apart. that is because firms with
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strong presence in the u.s. have been cowed by of financial rules on business with the nation. behind the scenes, there preparing the runway for more foreign deals. christoph: so much business for the moment. back to you, brent. brent: we will talk about peace for a change. in colombia, the farc rebel group is preparing to sign a peace deal with the government, ending five decades of war. our correspondent went to the jungle to find out what that means for the people who spent many of them their entire lives, fighting for the leftist rebels. reporter: every morning begins with a roll call. farc is still in charge here. 70 fighters live in this camp in the jungle, a two day trip from the capital, bogota. this woman grew up in the village and joined the guerrillas at age 18 out of
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conviction come wanting to fight a government she felt was responsible for deep and widespread poverty. now the fighters are going to surrender their weapons. "this is my pistol. your weapon becomes part of you. you come to love it because it has been your companion for such a long time. so yes, it hurts to give it up." farc now wants to turn itself into a legitimate political party. how the fighters are reintegrating into society is the topic of discussion at the national guerrillas conference in held right next to the camp. farc leaders are in attendance, as well as hundreds of fighters from all over the country. farc only wants to issue an apology for a few specific act of violence, not for its entire
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52-year struggle. >> we know that the simple and honest people who know us and see us every day have a very different picture of us in their hearts than the one peddled by the media in the service of the oligarchy. reporter: many fighters are tired of war. most have never known their country at peace. >> the fighters are quite happy that this war is coming to an end. on the other hand, there's is quite a lot of insecurity about what will happen in the future, how they will re-and a great, how they will make disarmament happen -- how they will reintegrate and how they will make disarmament happened. these are the things political leaders will discuss the next few days. the farc fighters i'm it, they say they are not sorry for anything and they don't have to apologize for anything, so they
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will keep on fighting for the same ideals they had before. now just with political means instead of arms. life in the jungle camps will soon be arbor for -- over four farc. she wants to go home to her village and have children. but first the fighters will have to spend some time in u.n.-supervised transitional zones for normalization. another reason is to protect them from attacks from other armed groups. "i would like to have a family. many of us would. but there needs to be guarantees that our children will have a better future, decent life, and won't have to suffer the way we did." farc is still in control in many areas, but if the peace process prove successful, its banners will soon disappear along with its jungle outposts. brent: and a quick look at our
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top story. accusations are flying over monday's attack on an aid convoy in syria. russia has said an american predator drone was flying near the site of the deadly attack, an allegation washington denies. this comes after the u.s. accused russian aircraft carrying out an airstrike on the trucks delivering humanitarian aid. after a short break i will be back to take you through the day . stick around for that. we will be right back. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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